A personal loan can affect your credit score in a number of ways—both good and bad. Taking out a personal loan isn't bad for your credit score in and of itself. However, it may affect your overall score for the short term and make it more difficult for you to obtain additional credit before that new loan is paid back.
On the other hand, paying off a personal loan in a timely manner should boost your overall score. If you decide to take out one, be sure to research and compare all of your options thoroughly in order to qualify for the best possible loan.
- Your overall credit rating could be lowered temporarily when you take a personal loan because you have acquired additional debt.
- In the short term, you also may not be able to get another loan or open another credit card.
- However, repaying the loan on time will not only bring your credit score back up, but it can also help build it over time.
The three major credit reporting bureaus in the United States that lenders turn to—Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion—provide similar scores on your creditworthiness, but there can be small differences.
How Applying for Loans Affects Your Credit Score
Your credit score is calculated based on five factors: payment history, amounts owed, length of credit history, new credit, and credit mix. The exact percentages vary among the three major credit rating agencies, but according to FICO, 10% is based on any new debt or newly opened lines of credit, and 10% is based on credit mix—the number of credit lines that you have open (including secured credit cards). As such, obtaining a new personal loan could affect your credit rating. Your outstanding debt total has now increased, and you have acquired new debt.
Credit agencies also take note of new financial activity. If, for example, you tried to apply for an auto loan shortly after taking out a personal loan, your application might be rejected on the basis that you already have as much debt as you can handle.
Your overall credit history has more impact on your credit score than a single new loan. If you have a long history of managing debt and making timely payments, the impact on your credit score from taking out a new loan is likely to be lessened. The easiest and best way to keep a personal loan from lowering your credit score is to make your payments on time and within the terms of the loan agreement.
How a Personal Loan Can Boost Your Credit Score
A personal loan that you repay in a timely fashion can have a positive effect on your credit score, as it demonstrates that you can handle debt responsibly.
Unfortunately, those who are the most averse to taking on debt could have lousy credit scores. After all, a person who never acquires debt and pays it off in installments has no payment history.
You can receive a free copy of your credit reports from the three credit bureaus every 12 months, which you can obtain by visiting www.annualcreditreport.com.
What Credit Score Is Needed for a Personal Loan?
FICO scores fall into five categories—poor, fair, good, very good, and exceptional. Here's a breakdown of the ranges:
- Poor (<580): Below average, and lenders will consider you a risky borrower.
- Fair (580–669): Below average, but many lenders may still approve loans with this score.
- Good (670–739): Near or slightly above average, and most lenders view this as a good score.
- Very Good (740–799): Above average and shows lenders that you are a very dependable borrower.
- Exceptional (800+): Well above average, and lenders will view you as an exceptional borrower.
The higher your credit score, the more likely a lender is to approve your loan application and offer more favorable terms, such as a lower interest rate. While each has its own criteria, in general, lenders view scores above 670 as an indication that a borrower is creditworthy.
Also keep in mind that while your credit score plays a crucial role in helping you qualify for a personal loan, lenders also consider other factors like the amount of income you earn, how much money you have in the bank, and how long you have been employed.
Finding the right loan can be particularly stressful when you face a financial emergency and you need to borrow money in a hurry. If you have the additional obstacle of bad credit, accessing cash quickly may seem even more daunting. Fortunately, you may still be able to secure an emergency loan even when you have credit problems.
What Can I Use a Personal Loan For?
Money acquired from a personal loan can be used for a variety of things. Some examples include using it to pay your tax debts, finance home renovations, or cover an unexpected medical emergency.
What Rate Will I Get for a Personal Loan?
Your loan rate will depend on your credit score and credit history. The higher your score and the better the history, the lower your interest rate and monthly payments will be.
Does Taking Out a Personal Loan Hurt my Credit Score?
Your credit score will take a slight hit when you apply for a loan, as the lender takes a hard look at your credit. However, if you make your payments on time, your credit score should improve.
The Bottom Line
A personal loan will cause a slight hit to your credit score in the short term, but making payments on time will bring it back up and can help improve your credit in the long run. A personal loan calculator can be a big help when it comes to determining the loan repayment term that's right for you.
Your credit score will be hurt if you pay late or default on the loan. And don't forget that a personal loan may also reduce your borrowing power for other lines of credit. If you've recently taken out a personal loan and accidentally made multiple late payments or defaulted on said loan, one of the best credit repair companies might be able to help remove the negative marks on your credit report.